About Argentina - Summary
Argentina has always been a fascinating country to visit and explore. With its superb geography, the country offers a variety of scenes that will take your breath away including lakes, rivers, waterfalls, mountains, glaciers, and many other natural beauties which await discovery.
Argentina is the second largest country in South America with a total area of 3,745,247 Km2, of which 2.780.400 Km2 are located on the South American continent and 964,847 Km2 in the Antarctic. The country borders five South American countries: Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil, and Uruguay.
The country is divided into three principal areas: Pampas, the famous Patagonia, and Mesopotamia. The rich plains of the Pampas cover the northern half of the country and are irrigated by both the Parana and Uruguay rivers. Mesopotamia is located in the Argentinean tropical forest. Patagonia is in the south of the country, and its scenery is composed of valleys, lakes and many glaciers. The Andes mountain range extends from the north of the country to the south. 3,800 km in length, it creates a natural barrier with Chile.
With its varied climate, Argentina presents us with a great diversity of flora and fauna. Trees, multi-colored forests, natural reserves with an amazing variety of marine life, dense vegetation, orchids, monkeys, toucans, crocodiles, condors, flamingos, many species of birds, butterflies, penguins and the beautiful Iguaçu Falls - all of these are part of this immense and fascinating territory.
To preserve this marvelous region, Argentina maintains twenty-two national parks which may be visited and appreciated by tourists who are looking for adventure. Parks such as Talampaya, Los Glaciers, Chaco, and Tierra del Fuego protect immense areas full of beauty and surprises.
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- The Northeast - a beautiful area including the mystic ruins of the Jesuit Missions and the Iguazu falls, the most spectacular falls in South America surrounded by a national park of 55,000ha (135,850ac) of untouched subtropical rainforest, with plentiful flora and fauna.
- The Northwest - a little known region with natural wealth of the Andean mountains, green valleys, astonishing rock formation and tiny colonial villages
- Buenos Aires - the charming and sophisticated South American capital with an European flavor, old-time tango cafes and bustling vibrant streets
- Cordoba - the second largest and attractive colonial city in the eastern part of the country
- Mar del Plata - the largest beach holiday resort area of Argentina with long stretched beaches
- Patagonia - The famous vast southern region features a glacier, mountainous interior; unexpected coastal wildlife, the famous Andes and the unique national parks:
- Glacier National Park - world heritage with giant glaciers and melting ice blocks
- Tierra del Fuego - Argentinas coastal national park offers great trekking and wildlife in breathtaking scenery of forests rivers, lakes and glacier
- Valdes Peninsula - the Argentinean "Galapagos" island with an abundant marine wildlife
- Bariloche - natural paradise for outdoor activities like skiing, trekking and climbing with a Swiss charm of the countryside
- Mendoza - the pleasing wine capital situated at the bottom of the Andean mountains