Bolivia Natural Aspects


Bolivia Natural Aspects

Located in southwestern South America, Bolivia is the country with the highest elevation on the continent. Surrounded by Peru, Chile, Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina, its total area is approximately 1,098,581 km2. The country's high altitude creates great geographical diversity with plains, valleys, plateaus, and mountains, as well as a varied climate. There are three distinct climactic regions within Bolivia:

The Andes Region: covers 28% of the territory with an area of 306,000 km2. It is located 3,000 meters above sea level and is the home of the Titicaca Lake which is 8,100 km2 and can be navigated by large ships. It is in this region that you find the Oriental Cordillera (mountain range) where there are some of the highest mountains in the Americas.

Sub-Andean Region: This area is located between the Andes region and the Plains; it covers 13% of the Bolivian territory. In this region, you will find valleys and agricultural productivity.

Plains: cover 59% of the entire territory and are located to the north of the Cordillera. Here you will find extensive forests, rich in vegetation and wildlife.

The Bolivian flora and fauna are very diverse due to the geographic differences. Great desserts, high mountains with snowy peaks, extensive and prosperous valleys make this a special place to visit. Animals that are prominent are condors with their magnificent flight, the ostrich, the parina (a species of flamingo that only exists in Bolivia), and the llhama which is characteristic of the country and is also its symbol.

The coca leaf is one of the most commercialized and lucrative products in Bolivia. The plantations were introduced to the country by the Spanish who used its stimulating power to lengthen the work days of the indians. Now there are more than 60 hectares of coca in the country. This is important in the Bolivian economy.

To preserve and conserve their ecosystem, they created several Ecological parks, reserves, sanctuaries, and biological stations with strict rules and codes that impede the destruction of natural habitat: Condorini National Park, Cerro de Sajama National Park, Mallasa National Park, Beni and Pando Lakes National Park are only a few of these.

If you are looking for a country, where you can leave the western world behind and experience something really different, Bolivia is the land which waits for you.

Lying in the heart of South America, it is surrounded by the Andes to the north, south and west, and by nearly all the other South American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Peru without any contact to the sea.

Maybe you wonder what makes this isolated country so interesting. In fact, it is the originality of all the natural sights and its people what makes it one of the mysterious and exciting countries of the world. The Bolivian landscape embraces a surprising range of landscapes and climates. Deep rainforest, desolated salt lakes, majestic snow-covered mountains, high-altitude deserts of the Andes and fertile highland valleys are just some examples of the incredible diverse shape of the Bolivian countryside.

It is not a land, where you get coincidently. There are no direct flights from Europe and the roads of the country are bad and dusty. But taking all upset of transport beside, you will get to know one of the most fascinating and most beautiful countries of the earth.

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