Brazil Natural Aspects

Brazil Natural Aspects 

As the largest country in South America, and fifth largest country in the world, Brazil is increasingly growing. Brazil has 27 states and five regions known as the North, Northeast, South, Southeast, and central region. The regions vary from one another and contain different components.

The Amazon region and rainforest covers most of the North and is a profusion of wildlife, ecosystems, rivers, and natural forest. In the northeast, incredible beaches, landscapes, and nature reserves inundate the region.

In the central region of Brazil, many national parks cover the land as well as various sources of plants, animals and forms of life. The Pantanal or wetland region is one of the more popular places to visit.

In the southeast region, beaches get most of the attention and are the main attractions. Some of the better known beaches are in Rio de Janeiro, Buzios, and Angra dos Reais.  Apart from the beaches, the state of Minas Gerais has Ouro Preto, a town full of impressive architecture and surrounded by beautiful landscapes where one can take in what feels like old Brazil.

In the south, beaches cover the coastline and cities in the interior resemble small European towns due to the influence in the area.

The central plateau of Brazil has two of the world’s greatest rivers which are the Amazon and the Sao Francisco.  These both extend from the coast all the way until the Amazon river basin.

The coastline of Brazil extends for more than 3000 km or about 2000 miles. Along this tremendous coastline one can find exquisite beaches that include preservation areas where one can explore lakes, waterfalls, and rivers of the Atlantic rainforest. Many islands are off the coast of Brazil and have a wide variety of accommodation options. Some of these islands even have locations that have never been visited.

The Chapada regions of Brazil are known as plateaus with the most famous being Chapada Diamantina in Bahia and Chapada dos Guimaraes in Mato Grosso. The Chapadas usually contain national parks and are perfect for hiking, exploring, camping, and numerous other outdoor activities. 

The state of Tocatins also has an incredible rainforest known as the Araguia National Park that is outside of the Amazon. The Pantanal in the central region is another option where the wetlands host a wide variety of species.

The large amount of wildlife in Brazil includes some of the greatest numbers of mammals, fish, and vegetation on the planet. However, the practices of fires known as queimadas that open space for pastures have been known to endanger the wildlife. Luckily, the Brazilian government has begun to enact environmental programs to protect these areas as well as use the help of multiple countries worldwide.

The reaction to some of these environmental programs is The Tamar project, in Praia do Forte (Bahia) which has been saving green sea turtles that have nearly become extinct. Fortunately, the green sea turtle population has grown so its extinction is no longer an issue. Other projects in the southeast have preservation objectives including the conservation of different species of monkeys. National Parks and communities have been created to help protect these species and most of them can be visited by the public.

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